By classifying different types of cells in the spinal cord, neuroscientists have gained new insight into an evolutionary achievement millions of years in the making.
The link between phthalates and the thyroid—a "master controller" of brain development—may explain known phthalate-linked cognitive problems, Mailman researchers say.
The discovery that pain receptors continue to function within nerves may lead to more effective pain medications with fewer side effects.
Columbia neuroscientists find that a part of the brain filters out internal noise made by the body, which may help explain such hearing disorders as tinnitus.
Neurosurgeon Sameer Sheth uses deep brain stimulation to treat depression in patients who have not been helped with other therapies.
Spinal muscular atrophy is partly due to defects in the sensory neuron synapses that activate motor neurons. Symptoms may be reduced by improving synapse function.